AgileMapper provides the same API in both instance and static scope, so you can use whichever you prefer. The static API is a wrapper around a default instance-scoped mapper.

Static API

Use the static API via static methods on the Mapper class, for example:

// Configuration - done once at start-up:
Mapper.WhenMapping
    .From<Order>()
    .To<OrderDto>()
    .Map(ctx => ctx.Source.OrderNumber)
    .To(dto => dto.OrderNo);

// Mapping - done whenever required:
var orderDto = Mapper.Map(order).ToANew<OrderDto>();

To re-run static Mapper configuration - for example in testing scenarios - use:

// Clears configuration and cached objects:
Mapper.ResetDefaultInstance();

Using the static API enables mapping in less flexible scenarios where you aren't using dependency injection.

Instance API

Use the instance API via instance methods on an IMapper object, for example:

// Configuration - done once at start-up:
var mapper = Mapper.CreateNew();
mapper.WhenMapping
    .From<Order>()
    .To<OrderDto>()
    .Map(ctx => ctx.Source.OrderNumber)
    .To(dto => dto.OrderNo);

// Mapping - done whenever required
var orderDto = mapper.Map(order).ToANew<OrderDto>();

Using the instance API enables injection of a mapper via the IMapper interface, which emphasises object composition, declares the mapper as a dependency, and means you can swap in a mock mapper during testing if required. It also enables use of mappers with different configurations in different scenarios, for example, setting this up via a StructureMap registry:

public class OrderMapperRegistry : Registry
{
    public OrderMapperRegistry()
    {
        var mapperOne = Mapper.CreateNew();
        // Do mapperOne.WhenMapping configuration...

        // Register mapperOne as the instance to pass to OrderOneController:
        For<OrderOneController>().Use<OrderOneController>()
            .Ctor<IMapper>().Is(mapperOne);

        var mapperTwo = Mapper.CreateNew();
        // Do mapperTwo.WhenMapping configuration...

        // Register mapperTwo as the instance to pass to OrderTwoController:
        For<OrderTwoController>().Use<OrderTwoController>()
            .Ctor<IMapper>().Is(mapperTwo);
    }
}